Design and elaboration of biodegradable utensils from the fiber of the banana stem (Musa paradisiaca) as an alternative of use to mitigate environmental impacts caused by the plastic

Main Article Content

Santiago Andrés Aguiar Conya
Marlene Jaqueline García Veloz
Sonia Mercedes Vallejo Abarca


Due to environmental requirements, today we choose to find new sources of renewable resources, to apply them in various areas, therefore, we have seen the need to produce biodegradable utensils, being an effective alternative to mitigate the use of conventional equipment whose characteristics have a very high degradation time.

The research took place in the Industrial Processes laboratory of the Faculty of Science of the Polytechnic School of Chimborazo, the main raw material that was used was obtained from the banana stem to which purification and bleaching was done with NaOH at 30 %, NaClO and water that allowed the hardening of the fibers obtained, the average initial weight of the raw material without drying (0.1454 Kg) was considered, the organic fibers were distributed in four drying trays which were subjected to the drying equipment of trays at a temperature of 50 oC for 7 hours once the fiber moisture was extracted, an average weight of the dry raw material of (0.04028 Kg) was obtained, eliminating 77.99% of moisture and then going to the process spraying in a ball mill turning the previously dried organic fibers into powder, then with the powder obtained the utensils were made by moistening the dry fibers to shape them. The fibers obtained achieved excellent mechanical strength, then an analysis was performed by infrared IR spectroscopy, presenting characteristics similar to those of a synthetic plastic and differentiating it by its easy degradation. The processing of the raw material for the elaboration of utensils does not cause environmental contamination becoming biodegradable waste after its use.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Aguiar Conya, S. A., García Veloz, M. J., & Vallejo Abarca, S. M. (2020). Design and elaboration of biodegradable utensils from the fiber of the banana stem (Musa paradisiaca) as an alternative of use to mitigate environmental impacts caused by the plastic. Ciencia Digital, 4(1), 373-384.


Aldana, S., Vereda, F., Hidalgo Álvarez, R., & de Vicente, J. (2016). Facile synthesis of magnetic agarose microfibers by directed selfassembly. Polymer, 93, 61-64.
Bossis, G., Marins, J., Kuzhir, P., Volkova, O., & Zubarev, A. (2015). Functionalized microfibers for field-responsive materials and biological applications. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 1-9.
Cortés, J., Puig, J., Morales, J., & Mendizábal, E. (2011). Hidrogeles nanoestructurados termosensibles sintetizados mediante polimerización en microemulsión inversa. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química., 10, 513-520.
Chivrac F, Pollet E, Avérous L. Progress in nano-biocomposites based on polysaccharides and nanoclays. Mater Sci Eng R Reports. 2009; 67; 1–17.
Clave P. Nutrición Humana y Dietética. 2015; 19:153–9.
Conrad U. Polymers from plants to develop biodegradable plastics. Trends Plant Sci. 2005; 10(11):511.
Distancia MDEEA, Factibilidad PDE, La P, Panela PDE, En G. Universidad Nacional de Loja. 2011; 22-25.
Dias, A., Hussain, A., Marcos, A., & Roque, A. (2011). A biotechnological perspective on the application of iron oxide magnetic colloids modified with polysaccharides. Biotechnology Advances 29, 29, 142–155.
Estrada Guerrero, R., Lemus Torres, D., Mendoza Anaya, D., & Rodríguez Lugo, V. (2010). Hidrogeles poliméricos potencialmente aplicables en Agricultura. Revista Iberoamericana de Polímeros, 12(2), 76-87.
Song, J., King, S., Yoon, S., Cho, D., & Jeong, Y. (2014). Enhanced spinnability of narbon nanotube fibers by surfactant addition. Fiberes and Polymers, 15(4), 762-766.